The Project for a Doctorate of Geodesy in Europe (DOGE)

PART I: Bylaws

1. Admissible students

The idea is to have a network of universities which are already entitled (in their own country) to grant a doctorate in geodesy and to admit students for such a doctorate study. After the successful completion of the first year of study in one of the sites, a student may become a DOGE student in the second year upon recommendation of one of the teachers of the DOGE Committee.

2.Seminar activity

The interaction teachers-students is, in the second year, through seminar activity which can be done by telematics, e.g. exploiting MANICORAL technology (i.e. multicast video/audio/datacommunication through terminals). Every year a seminar program is prepared by the DOGE Committee, including 4 to 6 seminars of the order of 10 to 20 hours lenght each. This makes up an average of } 80 hours (remote) seminars per year.

3.Admittance to thesis activity

At the end of the second year the student has to submit a proposal for his thesis which activity is evaluated by the DOGE Committee. On acceptance a co-tutor coming from another site will be assigned.

4.Thesis activity

Typically a thesis preparation will cover 1,5 years and is done in combination with the thesis work for the national doctorate.

This means that the subject can be the same, with the exception that DOGE requires a text written in a language understood by the co-tutor. Furthermore the DOGE version of the thesis will concentrate more on new results rather than on compilation of known subjects.

5.The DOGE title

The DOGE title is not conceived as a legal title but it is rather moral in nature; its value lies in the prestige and credibility of the teachers of the DOGE Committee.

The international recognition by IAG (International Association of Geodesy) will be at pure intellectual level. The DOGE title is assigned by the DOGE Committee after successful defense of the thesis. Typically this happens within the 4th academic year from the beginning of the curriculum. All theses of every year are collected and published in a regular series.

6.Students mobility

After the first DOGE year, when title of the thesis and the co-tutor have been chosen, the student is strongly encouraged to spend from 3 to 12 months in another DOGE site, the co-tutor's university being a natural choice.

Furthermore the students have to participate to the }1 week activity, to be placed in September every year, and to pass the colloquium at the end of each year as a requirement to be admitted to the final period of the DOGE activity. A colloquium via computer can also be accepted depending on the cases.

7.Teachers mobility

Most of the teachers mobility is being substituted by the remote teaching/conferencing tools of MANICORAL.

Yet it is advisable that once per year the teachers could convene to:

8.Non EU students

It is recommended that, also in relation to the program TEMPUS II, a small number of fellowships be created.

Students admitted should have passed the first doctorate year in their own countries.

The typical duration of a fellowship should be 2 years to cover the second and third DOGE year: a running number of 6 fellowships would allow to have 3 students in the second and 3 in the third year.

In this case a co-tutor coming from the original country of the student could be accepted by the DOGE Committee.

In any way a written agreement between the original university and the DOGE Committee should be signed in advance with a declaration that the 2 years of DOGE activity of the students will be fully recognized also as activity for the home doctorate.

PART II: Structure and budget

1.DOGE sites

The centers giving rise to the DOGE structure are initially:

Politecnico Milano PoliMi

University of Copenhagen CU

Delft University of Technology (2 departments)DUT (A or G)

Technical University Graz TUG

University of Thessaloniki AUT

Technical University Munich TUM

University Complutense de Madrid COMP

This group in fact is already participating in the MANICORAL project which will provide the basic technical tools (software/hardware) for remote teaching and conferencing. However the project is open to be extended to other sites on condition that the corresponding Universities will provide the necessary technology.

2.DOGE Committe

A committee of DOGE teachers is formed to which teachers of the local doctorates (maximum 2 per site) are admitted.

The first committe is formed by:

Milano F. Sansò F. Sacerdote

Copenhagen C.C. Tscherning

Delft R. Klees K. Wakker

Graz H. Sünkel

Thessaloniki D. Arabelos

Munich R. Rummel

Madrid M. Sevilla J. Otero

Advisory member from the MANICORAL Project


One of the constituting university is elected as administrative coordinator (the financial interface with DGXXII) and one of its teachers as DOGE Coordinator.

The coordinator is the interface between DGXXII and DOGE Committee and it organizes the meetings (both physical and virtual) for the definition of programs, thesis, tutors etc.; it also presides all the DOGE activities included the colloquia with the students and the final delivery of the DOGE title.

4.Number of students

It is obvious that all doctorate students of the 7 DOGE sites (estimated to be of the order of 50 students) can take advantage of the DOGE activities with particular regard to the telematics seminar activity. Yet it is preferable in a first application (3 years) that the number of students entitled to be official DOGE students be limited to a maximum of 2 per site per year.


The cost of the project per year is estimated in:<1>

technical costs ISDN lines for } 200 hours/year 20 KECU

mobility (only a contribution)

publishing (thesis collection, texts or hypertexts of the seminars) 10 KECU

administration 10 KECU


To this it should be added the fellowships for non EU students; these funds however are given directly to the students in mobility from eastern countries.


The DOGE project is encompassed in SOCRATES Section I (ERASMUS), Action 1 (activity falling under the institutional contract; mobility of students and teachers). On the other hand one could claim that DOGE has also a relation to the part of ERASMUS which concerns the development of common programs.

Furthermore DOGE has a relation to SOCRATES Section III for the application of remote teaching (EAD) to ERASMUS activities.

<1> Note: of course this is the actual cost foreseen for thep'roject and part of this cost will be covered by the actual national doctorates and universities, so that what is required to EU is a contribution to the project. Yet we underline that a contribution smaller than 50 % might hinder the realization of the project itself.